3 Jenis Antecedent – Pengertian – Fungsi – Contoh

Antecedent mungkin jarang kita dengar, ya? Tetapi, bukan berarti kita menolak untuk mempelajarinya. Dan jujur saja saya juga baru mendengar kata ini dan berusaha untuk mencari informasi sedetail mungkin tentang materi baru kita pada kali ini. Jadi, pada pertemuan kita kali ini, saya akan membagikan kepada kalian semua apa yang saya tahu mengenai Antecedent ini. Tidak usah khawatir, karena kita akan mempelajari materi ini bersama – sama secara perlahan dan detail. Akan ada banyak contoh kalimat yang bisa mempermudah kalian untuk mempelajarinya. Baiklah, karena kita semua sudah siap memasuki materi baru tentang Antecedent dalam Bahasa Inggris, silakan menyimak artikel ini.

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Pengertian Antecedent

Antecedent memiliki pengertian sebagai kata yang digunakan untuk memperjelas suatu pronouns. Untuk memahami siapa yang ditunjuk pada pronouns she, he, atau it, tentunya kita memerlukan keterangan lebih. Keterangan itulah yang disebut sebagai antecedent.

Dalam penggunaannya dalam sebuah kalimat. Antecedent dapat berbentuk sebagai word, phrase, maupun clause. Karena itu, dalam materi kita kali ini kita akan membaginya menjadi tiga jenis Antecedent dalam Bahasa Inggris

  1. Antecedent word
  2. Antecedent phrase
  3. Antecedent clause

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Untuk memahaminya secara lebih baik, sekarang mari kita bahas satu per satu.

1. Antecedent word

Antecedent disini berbentuk kata, dimana kata ini menunjukkan keterangan lebih lanjut tentang pronouns yang ingin dituju. Pada contoh – contoh kalimat di bawah ini, kata yang dicetak tebal di bawah ini adalah antecedent dan yang bergaris bawah adalah personal pronouns.


[tr][th]No.[/th] [th]Sentence[/th] [/tr]

[tr][td]1.[/td] [td]Ahmad eat his breakfast[/td] [/tr]

[tr][td]2.[/td] [td]My mother brings her pet to the doctor[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]3.[/td] [td]Clara goes to the salon to cut her hair[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]4.[/td] [td]My dog ate its food[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]5.[/td] [td]City library is where we borrow the book.

It has a complete collection of this series[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]6.[/td] [td]Our body need water.

It contains more than 75% of water.[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]7.[/td] [td]Maya had an accident.

She was brought to the nearest hospital in town.[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]8.[/td] [td]My brother went to school late this morning,

because no one can take him to school.[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]9.[/td] [td]Mrs. Renny mad today. She was facing with

the student who did not do their homework.[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]10.[/td] [td]I bought some clothes and I will send it to

you tomorrow.[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]11.[/td] [td]My father watched news today and it

informed us to be careful of thief.[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]12.[/td] [td]Doctor suggests me to eat fish because it

contains EPA and DHA for my brain development.[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]13.[/td] [td]My phone battery is going to die because

I forgot to charge it[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]14.[/td] [td] My family and I will have a trip next week.

We plan to go to the beach.[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]15.[/td] [td]My grandmother asked me to visit her.[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]16.[/td] [td]Calcium is needed by our body, it helps our bones and teeth growth. [/td][/tr]

[tr][td]17.[/td] [td]I was looking for ice cream in town, but no shops sell it.  [/td][/tr]

[tr][td]18.[/td] [td]What I miss about my mother is her smile.

With it I could have a better day.[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]19.[/td] [td] Shinta goes fishing every Sunday with my sister.

It is her favorite hobby[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]20.[/td] [td]Hey, Kim can you fix my bike? I can not find

any people who can fix it.[/td][/tr]


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2. Antecedent phrase

Antecedent dalam Bahasa Inggris berbentuk frasa yang terdiri dari dua atau lebih kata, dimana frasa ini menunjukkan keterangan lebih lanjut tentang pronouns yang ingin dituju. Pada sususan frasa tidak mengandung subject dan verb. Pada contoh – contoh kalimat di bawah ini, kata yang dicetak tebal di bawah ini adalah antecedent dan yang bergaris bawah adalah personal pronouns.


[tr][th]No.[/th] [th]Sentence[/th][/tr]

[tr][td]1.[/td] [td]You can practice to swim twice a week. It helps you

to have more lung’s volume.[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]2.[/td] [td]I never meant to hurt you. It just make me away from

you and I do not want it happen.[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]3.[/td] [td]Doing a little exercise twice a week is good for your


Scientist said it will make your life longer.[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]4.[/td] [td]Oh no, I forgot to submit my task to Mr. Robert.

He could punish me for it. [/td][/tr]

[tr][td]5.[/td] [td]Do not play roller coaster if you have heart attack.

It makes your heart attack worse.[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]6.[/td] [td]She has a voice of an angel. It makes her go for final round.[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]7.[/td] [td]Evan’s cooking are so delicious, you have to give it a try.[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]8.[/td] [td]Drink enough water everyday, it will maintain your

body needs of water fulfilled.[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]9.[/td] [td]Do some exercise first, it will avoid you from injury.[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]10.[/td] [td]Did you come to Taylor Swift’s concert?

People say it got lots of audience.[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]11.[/td] [td]Lemon juice is rich of vitamin C, it will help you to

increase your body immune.[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]12.[/td] [td]Adam is very handsome and talented no wonder that

lots of his fans love him because of it.[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]13.[/td] [td]There is a handsome guest in my house but I do not know who he is.[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]14.[/td] [td]This is a diligent student in this school, he won lots of

national competition in math field.[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]15.[/td] [td]Bobby’s hands are bleeding, it is because he grabbed glass flakes.[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]16.[/td] [td]I can see the Victoria Waterfall from up here,

it is the one we are looking for isn’t it?[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]17.[/td] [td]The most loyal person I ever met in school is him. [/td][/tr]

[tr][td]18.[/td] [td]Riding a bike to school is her favorite way to go to school.[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]19.[/td] [td] I drive this big car slowly while we are in it for our own safety.[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]20.[/td] [td]There was a hungry wolf in that jungle, it ate lots of deers.[/td][/tr]


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3. Antecedent clause

Antecedent disini berbentuk klausa, dimana klausa ini menunjukkan keterangan lebih lanjut tentang pronouns yang ingin dituju. Klausa memiliki subject dan verb dalam sususan katanya. Pada contoh – contoh kalimat di bawah ini, kata yang dicetak tebal di bawah ini adalah antecedent dan yang bergaris bawah adalah personal pronouns.


[tr][th]No.[/th] [th]Sentence[/th][/tr]

[tr][td]1.[/td] [td]Every student hope that the teacher will absent from class.

If so, then it means they will not have the test today.[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]2.[/td] [td]We have to be arrived on school at 7 o’clock, it is the rule

of our school.  [/td][/tr]

[tr][td]3.[/td] [td]Smoker have bigger chance to have lung cancer, and it is

known by lots of people but many of them ignore it.[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]4.[/td] [td]I will have Sam singing in my birthday party, it would

be great isn’t it?[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]5.[/td] [td]The lady who lives in the old house at the corner

of the street looks sad. People told me that she lost her son.[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]6.[/td] [td]I asked Tommy to study with me but it seems like he deny it.[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]7.[/td] [td]We have to clean our house everyday, it will help us to

have cleaner and healthier place to live.[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]8.[/td] [td]When I first saw you, it makes me think that you

look alike with my sister.[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]9.[/td] [td]I was dreaming about your condition, it makes me

wonder about you since then.[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]10.[/td] [td]She wants to go to Korea and it makes me shock[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]11.[/td] [td]People often judge another people in social media and

it became more worse now.[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]12.[/td] [td]People in this village always cook a big portion of porridge once a year.

It is the tradition of our people [/td][/tr]

[tr][td]13.[/td] [td]I want to dance with a professional dancer. It

will always be my dream since I was a kid.[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]14.[/td] [td]You always be there for me when I needed you the most,

and I do really appreciate it.[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]15.[/td] [td]People say that smile is the best make up that any girl can wear

and I think it is true.[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]16.[/td] [td]When the police officer evacuate the villager so fast, it means that

the earthquake will come again sooner. [/td][/tr]

[tr][td]17.[/td] [td]My mom avoids me to go out at night but I can see

that she cares to me because of it.[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]18.[/td] [td]I can not sleep well last night, it makes me asleep during the class[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]19.[/td] [td]He was watching tv all night long, and it makes him addicted to tv,[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]20.[/td] [td]If you crying for a long time, your eyes will swollen because of it.[/td][/tr]


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Bagaimana? cukup mudah bukan materi pada pertemuan kita kali ini? Yang perlu kalian perhatikan adalah bagaimana cara membedakan phrase dan clause. Setelah kalian bisa membedakannya, maka segala sesuatu tentang materi ini akan terasa lebih mudah dan ringan. Sekian dulu materi kita pada pertemuan kali ini, jangan lupa untuk tetap rajin membaca materi Bahasa Inggris dari kami dan mengulanginya beberapa kali agar tetap ingat. Tetap semangat dan semoga berhasil!

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